Scientific research is an important practical activity in the development of human civilization. It should conform to the basic values and objectives of human development and conform to the social ethics established by man over a long period.
Basic ethical principles of a scientific research
Scientific research should therefore be limited and guided by certain basic ethical principles. Basic ethical principles of scientific research refer to the core value orientation and social ethical standards in scientific research activities, which mainly include the principles of respect and non-harm, objectivity, and public welfare.
The principle of respect and the principle of non-harm is the basic ethical principles of scientific research. Once scientific research violates these two principles, it may break into the ethically forbidden zone.
The principle of respect means that scientific research should respect the fundamental rights of human life, such as dignity, will, and privacy. The principle of non-harm means that scientific research should not cause irreversible harm to individuals, society, the environment, and the future. Respect and non-harm emphasize the mutual respect and protection of subjects.
The principles of objectivity and public welfare are the legal basis for scientific research activities in contemporary society. The principle of objectivity emphasizes that the acquisition, release, and application of scientific research results should be objective and unbiased, including intellectual objectivity and ethical objectivity.
The purpose of scientific research
The purpose of scientific research is not only to improve knowledge but also to promote public welfare and social development with knowledge and practice. Scientific research should adhere to the principle of objectivity and prioritize the promotion of public welfare.
The continued development of science and technology will face severe ethical risks. Technology has profoundly changed the relationship between man and nature, man and society, and between man and man.
New ethical issues such as life, ecology, and the environment caused by science and technology pose new challenges to the original ethical standards of mankind. For example, cloning technology has a positive effect on improving the quality of human life, but cloning technology may have a revolutionary impact on human basic moral norms and bioethics.
World’s first human-monkey ‘chimera’ embryo amid ethical storm
A few days ago, cross-species embryo technology has been realized in the laboratory. A scientific research team led by Chinese and American scientists announced that they had created the first embryo composed of human cells and monkey cells, and published the results in the scientific journal Cell On April 15.
The research team said that this “human monkey embryo” is of great significance. Through this embryo, some new communication pathways have been discovered between human cells and monkey cells.
If we can continue to develop research in the future, we can one day create a new heart and the kidneys, saving patients who need to undergo transplantation, sounds very good. Any embryo research that crosses the reproductive barrier of a natural person is evil to humans.
Think about it, if the research is successful, your world will be full of humanoid monkeys, humanoid dogs, humanoid tigers, etc., as well as human-like pigs, horses, cows, and sheep. Isn’t it scary?
The uninterrupted development of medical and biological research can challenge the long-standing moral and ethical concepts of human society and even change the human form. Today biological research must be subject to certain regulations, otherwise, the day of the advancement of biotechnology must be the time of our human catastrophe.
Weapons are the study of evil
At the same time, while science creates material wealth and spiritual power for mankind, it will bring negative effects to mankind. The use of nuclear energy is an obvious example.
Newly developed biological weapons, chemical weapons, and other destructive weapons are the study of evil. What would the world be like if we continued to develop weapons of mass destruction and individual nations created weapons more powerful than atomic bombs?
As science and technology progress, the impact on the natural ecosystem and the rational use and risk control of scientific research results become increasingly important.
In modern times, scientific research ethics has faced a more complicated situation due to more and more military and commercial interests. This also requires the vast majority of scientific researchers to judge the value and direction of research by themselves, not to choose a research direction that may be used for evil, but to choose a direction that will benefit mankind a lot.
Researchers should adhere to the principles of scientific research ethics. Science and technology are the primary productive force that promotes social development, and it is also an important social practice for building material and spiritual civilization, and it bears social and moral responsibilities.
From this point of view, observing ethical standards in scientific and technological activities is the need for social development, and all scientific and technological activities that do not conform to ethics will be subject to objections, opposition, sent to moral courts, and even legal sanctions.
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